Bringing Down Tyrants

Author

Completing the American Revolution

The New Commonwealth



     Today, the United States is being subverted and destroyed internally by a criminal, imperialistic ruling cabal controlling all political and economic systems. Plutocratic cabals have previously tried to destroy this nation by achieving dominance in political and economic power. Such attempts in the past have resulted in abject failure and in the case we will examine, led to the destruction of the political party that tried to create a dictatorship.

     By understanding the lessons to be learned from this previous attempt at despotism, Americans today can bring down the criminal cabal regime which seized power in 1913. After assassinating John F. Kennedy, this band of thugs has stolen all subsequent elections by selecting both presidential candidates--the worst attack on American liberties in U.S. history.

     Prior to the American revolution, most nations were ruled by a single Power Group composed of those with money enough to buy war lords and religious and political ideologues with knowledge of how to manipulate the people. There were no countervailing power groups to fight against the monolithic cabals.
the clandestine Constitutional Congress
     The American revolution was supposed to result in the creation of a republican form of democracy, with the various branches of government providing countervailing powers. However, the leaders of the clandestine 1787 Constitutional Congress concocted a flawed Constitution which made it possible for a plutocratic minority to seize all the reins of power.
"[The Framers of the Constitution] . . . had no wish to usher in democracy in the United States. They were not making war upon the principle of aristocracy and they had no more intention than had the Tories of destroying the tradition of upper-class leadership in the colonies. Although they hoped to turn the Tories out of office, they did not propose to open these lush pastures to the common herd. They did believe, however, that the common people, if properly bridled and reined, might be made allies in the work of freeing the colonies from British rule and that they--the gentry--might reap the benefits without interference. They expected, in other words, to achieve a 'safe and sane' revolution of gentlemen, by gentlemen, and for gentlemen."

John C. Miller. (1943). Origins of the American Revolution


      Patrick Henry refused to attend the Constitutional Convention, and genuinely democratic patriots such as George Mason, Luther Martin, John Francis Mercer, and Elbridge Gerry participated in the convention but refused to sign the new constitution because it lacked a Bill of Rights, provided inadequate representation for the people, and did not provide for a viable separation of powers.

      George Mason said that the president and Senate would easily form "a combination that cannot be prevented by the representatives. The executive and legislative powers thus connected, will destroy all balances."

     Thomas Jefferson was in France at the time of the Constitutional Congress, and John Adams he only later realized that the Federalist leaders had created a new form of tyranny by seizing all governmental powers. The reality became clear to Jefferson, Madison, the Democratic-Republican party, and the American people in general that the republic was being taken over by a new dictatorship: the Federalist Party and its tool, President John Adams.

      The worst fears of Patrick Henry, George Mason, and many other anti-Federalists had been realized: the Constitution provided no viable means of making certain that the powers of government could not be appropriated by a single faction. In terms of providing for a government controlled by the consent of the governed, the Constitution proved to be a failure from its very beginning.


The Current Threat to American Freedom

     At present, Americans are faced with an illegal junta which is repeating this vile era in American history: the seizure of all governmental powers by a single cabal. They are following in exact detail the monopolization of power practiced by the Federalist-Adams dictatorship.

     Having illegally seized the presidency--with the criminal assistance of Jeb Bush and the U.S. Supreme Court in 2000 and stealing all subsequent elections, the capitalist cabal is crippling local, state, and federal governments by spending only for militarism (domestic and foreign), creating a huge federal debt that later generations will have to repay, stealing trillions of taxpayer money for bailouts of criminal banksters, and creating tax cuts and subsidies for the rich. Criminal, self-serving corruption runs rampant throughout both Democrat and Republican administrations. The horrible tyranny that is being created by the cabal junta is a threat to the entire world. For the first time in its history, Western Civilization as a whole is in danger of being destroyed.

The Necessity for Historical Insight

Alexander Hamilton      It requires a larger, historical perspective to understand that the current neo-conservative power plays in both major parties, the loss of Constitutional liberties, and imperialist wars in Afghanistan and Iraq are part of a larger plutocratic movement which began with men such as Alexander Hamilton, who openly argued during the Constitutional Convention that America should have a king instead of a president.

      The modern-day "conservative" ideology began with Federalists Alexander Hamilton and John Adams, who claimed that America could achieve stability only if ruled by an aristocracy. America, they said, must allow this governing elite greater power and privilege than what Adams called "the rabble."

     John Jay, later to become the first chief justice of the Supreme Court, was elected president of the clandestine Constitutional Convention. His sentiment was a forecast of what the Constitution would establish: "The people who own the country ought to govern it."

     To understand how to defeat this present imperialist junta, we must gain insight from this earlier era of our nation's history: how Jefferson and Madison were finally able to defeat the Federalist cabal that had assumed dictatorial powers under the criminal practices of Alexander Hamilton and John Adams.


"Out of this modern civilization economic royalists carved new dynasties. New kingdoms were built upon concentration of control over material things. Through new uses of corporations, banks and securities, new machinery of industry and agriculture, of labor and capital - all undreamed of by the Fathers - the whole structure of modern life was impressed into this royal service."

Franklin Delano Roosevelt, speech in Philadelphia on June 27, 1936

British King George III
     The American colonists fought against a form of British fascism during the War for Independence. King George III was in league with the East India company, a mercantilist (now called globalistic) corporation that controlled trade with all British colonies, including America and India.

     Fascism was revivified in the 20th Century, first by Franco in Spain, by Hitler in Germany, and Mussolini in Italy. The Italian dictator first used the word "corporatism" to describe his form of despotism, but later renamed it "fascism."


How to Bring Down a Fascist Tyrant

     American history provides a powerful illustration of how a tyrannical president and his party can be brought down when they overstep the boundaries of the American people's sense of justice and freedom.

     As we examine the historical events surrounding the Federalists' and Adams' attempt to impose the first "Patriot Act" on the American people, and their resounding defeat as tyrants, we'll discover noteworthy parallels between their despotism and that of the Obama-puppet. We'll thus gain insight into how such a dictator and his party can be brought down.

John Adams      When Adams was elected President in 1796, the Federalists (philosophically identical to modern-day Republicans) controlled both houses of Congress, the judiciary--including the Supreme Court--along with the presidency. (Sound familiar?)

      The Federalists were opposed by Vice President Thomas Jefferson's and James Madison's Democratic-Republican Party (now called the Democratic Party). A majority of the American people were waking up to the fact that the Federalists had created a flawed Constitution which established the rule of the wealthy over the poor. It was becoming clear to Jefferson and Madison that the Federalists had established not a representative democracy but an out-and-out plutocracy, with all the power held by one faction.

The Earlier Episode of "Freedom Fries"

King Louis XVI of France      This era in world history saw the French Revolution of 1789 devolve into a "Reign of Terror," with King Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette executed in 1793. Within a short time, Spain and England joined other continental monarchies to declare war on France. America's 1778 treaty with France obliged the United States to assist France whenever called upon. The Federalists argued that the treaty had been made with the king (now decapitated), not with the French nation. In 1793, President George Washington issued the Neutrality Proclamation, disavowing U.S. participation in the European conflict.

     The British began to capture American ships on the high seas, because the American merchants were transporting goods to France as well as Britain. The British in Canada chose this time to begin inciting the Indians to raid the Ohio territory where thousands of Americans had recently settled. Jefferson and others of the Democratic-Republican party, insisted that Washington and the Federalists enact reprisals against Great Britain.

     The Federalist merchants were making huge profits in spite of the British attacks against their ships, so they convinced President Washington to send John Jay to England to insist that the British stop attacking American ships and give up their western border posts.

     Jay succeeded in getting the British to evacuate the western posts, but the agreement was so hedged by so many other privileges remaining to the British that Americans in general felt the "treaty" had gained nothing of substance.

This cartoon drawn during the XYZ affair depicts the United States as a maiden being victimized by the French Directorate while Britain sits aloof on a hill and European leaders discuss America's plight      What Jay's treaty with Britain did do was to infuriate the French, understandably. After all, France had sent soldiers to assist America throw off the tyranny of Britain, and now the United States was aligning with Britain against France. The French withdrew their minister from Philadelphia, refused to receive the newly appointed U.S. Minister, Charles Cotesworth Pinckney, and began to seize U.S. ships on the high seas bound for Britain.

     Having been elected (by a slender margin) to the Presidency in 1796, John Adams decided he would solve America's problems with France. Without querying the French Government, he dispatched John Marshall, Elbridge Gerry, and C.C. Pinckney to Paris to settle differences with the French Republic.

a cartoon depicting France as a monster attacking America's three envoys       The three American envoys were treated with contumely and denied access to the Directory. They were then approached by three men who claimed to be representatives of Talleyrand, the Minister of Foreign Affairs, demanding $250,000 in bribes.

     The Federalists used the occasion to foment irrational hatred for all things French, resulting in the super-patriot slogan: "Millions for defense, but not once cent for tribute."

     Hamilton had almost convinced President George Washington to declare war with France in 1793 and he now saw his chance to manipulate the weak John Adams into belligerence against the French. Major General Hamilton was aching to take the field of glory once more, so he pushed his faction in Congress to set up an Army Department as well as a Navy Department. But other than a great deal of bluster and a few skirmishes between American privateers and French ships, war with France was not consummated.

     Hamilton and the Federalists used this threat of war with France to begin their own reign of terror. They declared that the Jeffersonian Democratic-Republicans were disloyal to the United States because they were sympathetic to France. The Federalists had seized all organs of federal government; now they would brand all their enemies as traitors and begin working the American people into a frenzy of super-patriotism. ("If you're not with us, you're anti-American.")

     The Jeffersonian faction was not without its own resources. Benjamin Franklin Bache, grandson of Benjamin Franklin and editor of the Philadelphia newspaper The Aurora, spoke out against the policies of President Adams and the Federalists. In an op-ed piece, Bache called the president "old, querulous, Bald, blind, crippled, Toothless Adams." Bache was only one of many editors who attacked Adams for his excessive sense of self-importance and his delusions of grandeur.

     Federalist newspaper editors were equally contentious. Since more than 90% of American newspapers were aligned with the Federalists, there was a definite right-wing media monopoly. Noah Webster called Jefferson's Democratic-Republicans "the refuse, the sweepings of the most depraved part of mankind from the most corrupt nations on earth" and another Federalist editor depicted the Democratic-Republicans as "democrats, monocrats and all other kinds of rats." Federalist newspapers tried to inflate the rumor of Jefferson's relationship with his deceased wife's half-sister, slave Sally Hemmings, into a full-blown scandal.

"Of almost equal importance with their domination of the press was the Federalists' control of the mails. There were at this time about eight hundred deputy postmasters in the United States, each of whom enjoyed the privilege of franking letters and newspapers and of receiving them postage free. Since most of these postmasters were Federalists, opposition newspapers were either obliged to pay postage (Federalist newspapers invariably went free) or, as sometimes happened, they were deliberately suppressed in the post office."

J. C. Miller, Crisis in Freedom: the Alien and Sedition Acts

Abigail Adams
     Jefferson and his supporters seem to have taken the verbal fracas somewhat philosophically, but Adams--and his wife, Abigail--felt that their dignity had been besmirched. Adams encouraged the partisan Congress to pass a series of four laws that came to be known collectively as the Alien and Sedition Acts.

      The Alien and Sedition Acts proscribed spoken or written criticism of the government, the Congress, or the President, virtually nullifying the First Amendment freedoms of speech and the press. These acts were interestingly similar to the unconstitutional Patriot Act. 1 Employing these tyrannous acts, Adams began to have his political opponents arrested.

The Unmitigated Hubris of Plutocrats--Past and Present

Talleyrand      While Hamilton and Adams were stirring up the American public with anti-French scare tactics, Talleyrand wrote a very conciliatory letter to the American envoys. He assured the United States that it had all been a mistake: he had never authorized anyone to ask for a bribe. As proof of his good intentions, the French stopped attacking American ships.

     Having begun a scare campaign to arouse the American people to a frenzied pitch of super-patriotism and preemptive war, Hamilton and Adams were unwilling to let Talleyrand's conciliatory letter become public knowledge.

     As it turned out, they didn't have the option of keeping this vital information from the American people. Benjamin Franklin Bache somehow got his hands on a copy of the letter and published it in his newspaper. The letter was proof positive that the Federalists had engaged in tactics of mass hysteria in painting France as some kind of evil monster. Bache claimed that the Federalists were deliberately withholding the letter in order to force the country into an unnecessary war with France.

     Thus it was that Bache was the first to be jailed --even before the Alien and Sedition Acts were officially in effect. While awaiting trial, Bache died of yellow fever in the great epidemic of 1798. An editor for the New York Times John Daly Burk, was arrested and his paper soon went out of business. Burk accepted deportation to avoid imprisonment. William Duane Seventeen editors of Democratic-Republican-affiliated newspapers were arrested, ten were convicted and imprisoned. Most of their newspapers went out of business.

     After the death of Benjamin Franklin Bache, William Duane took over the newspaper and married Bache's widow. Duane continued the attacks on Adams.
In July, 1799 Duane "declared in the Aurora that the British were calling the tune for [the Adams] administration policies and that the British minister in Philadelphia had spent eight hundred thousand dollars in the election of 1798 in bribing congressmen and their constituents. As a result, he asserted, the British minister exerted more influence upon the government than did the veterans of the Revolutionary army. A secret alliance between the United States and Great Britain was being forged; already the two governments had agreed upon 'measures of aggression and insult . . .calculated for the dismemberment of France.' These charges, he declared, were not based upon rumor and hearsay but upon documentary proof." 2

     Within a week, Duane was arrested by a Federal marshal on a warrant issued by Richard Peters, Associate Justice of the Supreme Court. Duane spoke out with fervor:
"Neither persecution nor any other peril to which bad men may expose him can make him swerve from the cause of republicanism, or prove himself unworthy to be the successor of the descendant of Franklin. We have it in the handwriting of John Adams that British influence has been employed in the appointment of an officer of importance under the federal government."

     When Duane came up for trial before the U. S. Circuit Court, the case against him collapsed, when Justice Peters learned that Duane had documentary evidence in John Adams' handwriting of British influence. The worst the court could do was to bind Duane over to appear before a special court to be held in January, 1800. Tench Coxe
"Several years before, John Adams had written a letter to Tench Coxe, then Hamilton's assistant in the Treasury, in which he asserted that the Pinckneys of South Carolina were seeking the aid of the British court to procure important posts in the Federal government. Tench Coxe had subsequently turned against Hamilton and Adams and joined the Republicans; and in 1799 he turned over this letter to Duane as political propaganda." 3
     Duane then published an article about a Federalist conspiracy that was to prove the beginning of the end for Adams and the Federalists. With the Senate meeting in secret, a bill had been introduced for the establishment of a clandestine tribunal composed of seven members of the Senate and six of the House of Representatives, meeting behind closed doors, to decide which of two or more candidates with equal votes in the electoral college would be declared the President. (Shades of the Supreme Court deciding who was to be appointed President in 2000!)

     Duane proclaimed that this plot of the Federalists was in the spirit of a "jacobinical conclave" by which seventeen Senators out of forty could create U.S. laws to deprive Thomas Jefferson of the Presidency.

     The Senate summoned Duane to appear before them, but he refused, saying that he held himself "bound by the most sacred duties to decline any further voluntary attendance upon that body."

James Madison      Thomas Jefferson and James Madison attacked the Alien and Sedition Acts by writing the Kentucky Resolution (1798) and Virginia Resolution (1799), which essentially said that the Acts were null and void in those two states. 4

     In spite of the conciliatory behavior of France, by 1798 President Adams had worked himself up to a fever pitch of anti-French hatred. Having become a victim of his own warmongering and chauvinism, it appeared to many Americans that Adams might declare war at any time.
"To me there appears no means of averting a storm, and, in my opinion, we must all be ready to dedicate ourselves to fatigues and dangers."
     Adams was happy to see an increasing number of witch hunts being carried out under the aegis of the Alien and Sedition Acts.

"The Sedition Act was an implied acknowledgement by the Federalists that force and coercion rather than reason and argument were to be the ultimate arbiters of political controversy in the United States. Differences of opinion were to be erased and the American mind was to be forced into an intellectual strait jacket. . .

"Under the Sedition Act, by expanding the definition of seditious libel, an end might be put to all organized political opposition. . .

"By this means, the Federalists could ensure the perpetuation of their party's control of the national government."

J. C. Miller, Crisis in Freedom: the Alien and Sedition Acts

     The quotation above highlights some of the main features of the Federalist-Adams despotism, with parallels in the Obama regime:
  • The American mind is to be forced into an intellectual strait jacket ("compassionate conservatism")

  • There is to be an end to all organized political opposition

  • The Federalist party's control of the national government is to be perpetuated


"Without freedom of discussion, without the right of examining the methods and objectives of the party in power and criticizing its acts, democracy becomes an empty name. Unity of purpose, however essential to the existence of the nation, cannot be achieved by suppressing this freedom; but it can be realized in a democracy where common standards are accepted and where the principles of the Bill of Rights are maintained."

J. C. Miller, Crisis in Freedom: the Alien and Sedition Acts


The "Second Revolution"

     How do we go about defeating this "executive despotism" which has seized the bulk of American political and financial power in the twenty-first century? As indicated at the beginning of this discussion, our power comes through using the potent insights which American history provides.

     Thomas Jefferson called the beginning of his presidency the "second revolution." And so it was. But it's difficult to understand just what constituted this truly momentous second American Transformation. We must search for the essence of this revolution in the radical redefinition and restructuring of American thought that had taken place when Jefferson became President in 1800.

     We're so used to seeing the United States as the fully-developed nation it now is, that it's difficult to understand what this new republic was in 1800.
  • the Capitol in 1800 This was a small federation of thirteen states on the eastern shore of the North American continent.

  • This new nation had gained its freedom from Britain by fighting for its independence.

  • A clandestine Constitutional Convention had created a flawed Constitution agreed upon by only thirty-nine men and adopted in only thirteen states by the votes of fewer than two thousand men.

  • The Federalists, led by Hamilton, had seized control of all branches of power in the federal government: the Presidency, the Congress, and the Judiciary.

  • Under the primary impetus of Alexander Hamilton, the government had become a defender of mercantile capitalism, 5 with a national bank as its spearhead.

  • The Devil of Faction: Peter Porcupine says, 'I hate this country and will sew the seeds of discord in it.'  Liberty weeps at the tomb of Benjamin Franklin.  At right the devil himself whispers, 'Let us destroy this idol liberty,' while the British lion purrs, 'Go on, dear Peter, my friend, and I will reward you.' The Federalists had used the threat of attack by hostile forces as the excuse to enact laws which:

    • Branded their political opponents as traitors

    • Made it a crime for American citizens to "print, utter, or publish . . . any false, scandalous, and malicious writing" about the Government

    • Imprisoned their most outspoken verbal critics

    • Allowed aliens to be imprisoned or deported at the whim of the president

    • Had the intent of keeping the Federalists in power indefinitely, perpetuating its control of the government

  • The Federalists had almost declared war on France through their own bellicosity, not through any real threat to American security

  • The Federalists had only handed over power to the constitutionally-elected President, Thomas Jefferson, after the Federalist-controlled House of Representatives had prolonged the process through 36 ballots, leading Jefferson to wonder, understandably, if the Federalists were going to retain control of the government illegally.

  • Supreme Court Chief Justice John Marshall The Supreme Court had construed the Constitution as allowing the Federal government to seize unlimited powers, restrained by no force other than its own will.

  • The Federalists had lost control of the Presidency and both houses of Congress in the 1800 election.

  • The lame-duck Federalist Congress, before adjourning in March 1801, passed a new judiciary act which created a number of new circuit court judgeships and increased the number of district court judges

  • Adams packed the new lifetime judicial posts with Federalist sympathizers and named John Marshall Chief Justice of the Supreme Court.


Understanding the "Second Revolution"

     In his First Inaugural Address on March 4, 1801, Thomas Jefferson stated:
"We are all Republicans, we are all Federalists. If there be any among us who would wish to dissolve this Union or to change its republican form, let them stand undisturbed as monuments of the safety with which error of opinion may be tolerated where reason is left free to combat it.

Jefferson
"About to enter, fellow-citizens, on the exercise of duties which comprehend everything dear and valuable to you, it is proper you should understand what I deem the essential principles of our Government, and consequently those which ought to shape its Administration. I will compress them within the narrowest compass they will bear, stating the general principle, but not all its limitations.

  • Equal and exact justice to all men, of whatever state or persuasion, religious or political;
  • Peace, commerce, and honest friendship with all nations, entangling alliances with none;
  • The support of the State governments in all their rights, as the most competent administrations for our domestic concerns and the surest bulwarks against anti-republican tendencies;
  • The preservation of the General Government in its whole constitutional vigor, as the sheet anchor of our peace at home and safety abroad;
  • A jealous care of the right of election by the peopleā€”a mild and safe corrective of abuses which are lopped by the sword of revolution where peaceable remedies are unprovided;
  • Absolute acquiescence in the decisions of the majority, the vital principle of republics, from which is no appeal but to force, the vital principle and immediate parent of despotism;
  • A well disciplined militia, our best reliance in peace and for the first moments of war, till regulars may relieve them;
  • The supremacy of the civil over the military authority;
  • Economy in the public expense, that labor may be lightly burthened;
  • The honest payment of our debts and sacred preservation of the public faith;
  • Encouragement of agriculture, and of commerce as its handmaid;
  • The diffusion of information and arraignment of all abuses at the bar of the public reason;
  • Freedom of religion;
  • Freedom of the press, and
  • Freedom of person under the protection of the habeas corpus, and
  • Trial by juries impartially selected."

"These economic royalists complain that we seek to overthrow the institutions of America. What they really complain of is that we seek to take away their power. Our allegiance to American institutions requires the overthrow of this kind of power. In vain they seek to hide behind the flag and the Constitution. In their blindness they forget what the flag and the Constitution stand for."
Franklin D. Roosevelt, 1936 speech

     Some might wonder why Jefferson felt it necessary to outline the general tenor of his administration and the "essential principles of our Government." We've seen above that the United States had actually degenerated into a form of tyranny with the passage of the Alien and Sedition Acts. America had come close to falling into a perpetual dictatorship with the Federalist faction in permanent and total control of the U.S. government.

     Once again, in 2004, America has been taken over by a junta that intends to remain in power indefinitely through the mechanisms they have in place to steal all future elections.

Monticello      Jefferson began his inaugural address on a generous, conciliatory note, making it clear that he would not pursue the bitter factionalism which the Federalists had engaged in. He then went on to indicate that since the Constitution had made it possible for a plutocratic minority to seize all the reins of power, it was now necessary to set out the operative principles of an American commonwealth as he saw them and proposed to practice them.

     The principles Jefferson highlighted in his inaugural address--and then practiced during his two terms in office as President--set a new and efficient course which the United States followed till the beginning of the twentieth century. Some of Jefferson's other policies--such as an overemphasis on the agrarian citizen and a de-emphasis on industry--have not withstood the test of time, and have been swept away through the natural process of the evolution of our political process. And even in reference to the bedrock principles Jefferson set out in his inaugural, there have been periodic lapses back into despotism such as we suffered under the Bush II regime. 6       But America has essentially lived by the Jeffersonian vision of a free and democratic America ever since 1800:

  • That protecting the natural rights and power of the people is the primary purpose of government

  • "That governments derive their just powers from the consent of the governed"
     This is an archetype so powerful that the Tiananmen Square protestors in 1994 marched to their deaths carrying a 36-foot-tall papier mache replica of the Statue Of Liberty while quoting the words of Thomas Jefferson.

     The lessons we derive from examining Jefferson's successful struggle against Federalist tyranny, are those he expressed:
"Whenever the people are well-informed, they can be trusted with their own government. Whenever things get so far wrong as to attract their notice, they may be relied on to set them to rights."
     So our challenge is to make sure "the people are well-informed" so they can set things right. But the Democratic-Republican party would not have defeated the Federalist-Adams tyranny if they had not fielded a strong, viable presidential candidate in 1800 and made sure the election was fair. Today, we must rid the nation of the criminal cabal's stranglehold on the nation and reinstitute the tradition of Jefferson, Franklin Roosevelt, and John Kennedy, turning the tyrants out.

    In 1799, the Federalist party had gained an increased majority in both houses of Congress and had tightened its grip on the American mind through warmongering, fomenting super-patriotism, and silencing its enemies by enforcing the unconstitutional Sedition Act. But within one short year, the totalitarian Federalist regime was swept out of office and a new era of freedom began. We must make certain the same thing happens again in America. We must bring down the tyrants again!