A Test on: The Gaia Tradition and the Partnership Future and
A New Vision of Development

This is not a True or False or Multiple Choice test. This exercise tests your understanding of the two essays listed above. Click on A ( Agree) or D (Disagree) in terms of whether the essays would  Agree or Disagree with each item.




1. The current leading-edge social movements are peace, feminist, ecology, and ecofeminism
Agree
Disagree

2. These movements draw from very ancient traditions only now being reclaimed due to a veritable
    revolution in archaeology.
Agree
Disagree

3. Ancient societies were structured very much like the more peaceful and just society we are now
    trying to construct.
Agree
Disagree

4. In these ancient societies, women were subordinate to men and they saw the Earth as an object for
   exploitation and domination.
Agree
Disagree

5. The most important human invention--the development of the technology to domesticate plants--
    was also the beginning of male dominance, warfare, and slavery.
Agree
Disagree

6. The basic technologies on which civilization is based were developed in societies that were not
    male dominated and warlike.
Agree
Disagree

7. In ancient cultures women traditionally held key public positions, as shamans or wise women and
    often as heads of matrilineal clans.
Agree
Disagree

8. The way a society structures the most fundamental human relations--the relations between female
    and male--has no effect on whether a society will be peaceful or warlike, generally egalitarian or
    authoritarian, and living in harmony with or bent on the conquest of our environment.
Agree
Disagree

9. In the Genesis story, the punishment of Eve for her refusal to acknowledge Jehovah's monopoly of
    the tree of knowledge is a mythical device to justify male dominance and authoritarian rule.
Agree
Disagree

10. In ancient cultures, if men did not dominate women, then women must have dominated men.
Agree
Disagree

11. What we have until now been taught as history is only the history of dominator species--the
    record of the male dominant, authoritarian, and highly violent civilizations that began about
    5,000 years ago.
Agree
Disagree

12. Minoan Crete was unique in that it was both a male-dominant and warlike culture.
Agree
Disagree

13. It is science and technology, not the numbing of our innate human sensibilities, that makes it
    possible for men to dominate, oppress, exploit, and kill.
Agree
Disagree

14. The rationale behind the current model of global development was first advanced by U.S.
      President Richard Nixon in his inauguration speech.
Agree
Disagree

15. Nations unquestionably fall into one of three neat categories--developed, underdeveloped, or
      undeveloped nations.
Agree
Disagree

16. All the people of the world are climbing up the same economic ladder, some slow, some faster,
      but all toward the same material goal.
Agree
Disagree

17. A country's level of civilization is based on its ability to produce material goods--that is, to
      increase its GNP.
Agree
Disagree

18. The gap between the so-called underdeveloped and developed countries has widened, with
      millions of people becoming uprooted from their local environment to join the poor day
      laborers or unemployed struggling to eke out a living in dilapidated and burgeoning shanty-
      towns from Mexico City to Calcutta.
Agree
Disagree

19. Multinational companies generally ask the local people for permission to profit from its
      extraction of resources from an area.
Agree
Disagree

20. Capitalism has established a global, human security policy, to bring about human rights, peace
      and justice.
Agree
Disagree

21. Free markets are the most efficient and socially optimal way to allocate resources.
Agree
Disagree

22. The moral perversity of capitalism is most evident in what it views as economic success in a world
      in which more than a billion people live in absolute deprivation, go to bed hungry each night,
      and live without the minimum of adequate shelter and clothing.
Agree
Disagree

23. Capitalism must be abandoned, and new models must be formulated, informed by the traditions
      of indigenous peoples, spiritual values, and authentic regional cultures.
Agree
Disagree

24. The accelerated accumulation of wealth in the hands of the few, has caused both economic
      catastrophe and environmental degradation.
Agree
Disagree

25. Spiritual progress subsumes material development, as people cannot pursue spiritual growth
      without adequate basic necessities such as employment, food, shelter, education, and medical
      care.
Agree
Disagree